你可能对那些超级健康一族的最新饮食趋势已经很熟悉了:吃鳄梨核。吃鳄梨核对您的健康有什么好处?可能的危害是什么,这是安全的做法吗?让我们先看一下研究报告,然后再回答这些问题。

果核背后的历史

Pulverizing the avocado pit into a powder and adding it to foods is a practice that has been adopted from long-standing cultural traditions. Avocado pits and skins have been utilized for centuries in South American countries, where avocados grow natively and abundantly. There, the avocado pit has been used to treat digestive issues, such as dysentery and gastric ulcers, hypertension, inflammation, and diabetes.

如今,鳄梨核和鳄梨皮已被广泛用于皮肤病学产品中。宾夕法尼亚州立大学的研究人员甚至发现,使用含有鳄梨核的肥皂对骨关节炎患者具有治疗作用。

Research

While research on the avocado pit is in its early stages, the information found thus far is intriguing. The pits and skins of avocados are often a large source of food waste within households and processing centers. But ironically enough, the journal Antioxidants reported that they have larger amounts of bio active substances, such as polyphenols and other antioxidants, in comparison to the flesh of the fruit. It's these substances, in addition to fiber, magnesium, calcium, and potassium, that are responsible for the beneficial cardiovascular health effects the seeds may hold. It was also found that the avocado pit may help improve high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and inflammatory diseases like diabetes. These studies also found that the pits may have insecticidal, anti fungal, and antimicrobial effects.

在鳄梨果核和果皮中发现的多酚还具有强大的抗自由基能力。自由基是体内高度反应性的分子,可导致多种疾病,包括阿尔茨海默氏病和癌症。因此,进食果核和皮肤可能有助于潜在地预防疾病,例如哮喘、关节炎和其他由炎症引起的疾病。

其他应用

国际生物大分子杂志》概述了鳄梨果核的其他可能具备的功效。这项研究发现,鳄梨果核中的淀粉具有作为食品中替代淀粉来源的潜力,可作为粘合剂和增稠剂。该文章还推断出,这种淀粉可以作为药物中的活性成分和可生物降解食品包装产品的潜在成分在未来得到应用。

The Final Verdict

那么对鳄梨果核的定论是什么呢?应该吃吗?尽管您可以看到许多潜在的好处,但有关鳄梨核的当前可用研究有一个共同点:需要更多的证据证明它们对人类食用是安全的。因此,即使加利福尼亚鳄梨委员会目前也不建议食用鳄梨核。

通过自制或商店购买的皮肤和身体产品,可以安全地享受这个有趣果核的健康益处的奇妙方法。果皮和果核也可用于制作所有天然服装染料,甚至还可以使用剩余的果皮开始种植鳄梨植物。也许,随着时间的推移,它会被证实在家里的食谱中使用是安全的,但目前最好的做法是避免食用。