您可能從非常重視健康養生人士處,得知一項最新的健康飲食趨勢:吃酪梨籽。吃酪梨籽對您的健康有什麼好處呢?有哪些可能害處,以及怎麼吃才安全呢?一起來瞧瞧有哪些可能的答案:

食用酪梨籽的歷史

Pulverizing the avocado pit into a powder and adding it to foods is a practice that has been adopted from long-standing cultural traditions. Avocado pits and skins have been utilized for centuries in South American countries, where avocados grow natively and abundantly. There, the avocado pit has been used to treat digestive issues, such as dysentery and gastric ulcers, hypertension, inflammation, and diabetes.

今日,酪梨籽和酪梨皮已廣泛應用在皮膚科產品。賓州州立大學的研究團隊發現,使用含有酪梨籽的肥皂,對骨關節炎具有療效。

Research

While research on the avocado pit is in its early stages, the information found thus far is intriguing. The pits and skins of avocados are often a large source of food waste within households and processing centers. But ironically enough, the journal Antioxidants reported that they have larger amounts of bio active substances, such as polyphenols and other antioxidants, in comparison to the flesh of the fruit. It's these substances, in addition to fiber, magnesium, calcium, and potassium, that are responsible for the beneficial cardiovascular health effects the seeds may hold. It was also found that the avocado pit may help improve high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and inflammatory diseases like diabetes. These studies also found that the pits may have insecticidal, anti fungal, and antimicrobial effects.

酪梨籽和皮中含有的多酚也被發現具有超強的抗自由基功效。自由基是人體內高度反應的分子,與阿茲海默症和癌症等類的疾病有關。因此,攝取酪梨籽和皮能幫助防止氣喘、關節炎及其他由發炎引起的症狀。

其他用途:

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules (國際生物大分子雜誌) 提出了酪梨籽其他可能的運用途徑。該研究發現,酪梨籽中的澱粉可做為食品中的替代澱粉來源,能作為增稠和結著劑。文章並論述未來酪梨在藥學中可能做為活性成份,也具有做為生物可分解性食品包裝產品的潛力。

The Final Verdict

那麼,我們該拿酪梨籽怎麼辦呢?我們該開始食用酪梨籽嗎?雖然我們知道酪梨籽有許多好處,但關於酪梨籽的這些研究還有一個普遍的問題待解:需要更多的證據來證明人類食用酪梨籽是安全的。也因此,我們暫時還不鼓勵食用酪梨籽,別驚訝,連 California Avocado Commission (加州酪梨委員會) 也還不鼓勵民眾食用。

想要安全的享受酪梨籽對健康的益處,可透過使用自製或店內販售的護膚和身體保養品來獲得。酪梨皮和籽也能用做天然的衣物染劑,您還可以用吃剩的籽來繁殖酪梨樹。也許未來研究有機會能證實人類能在家安全享用酪梨籽,但目前還是先禁口吧。